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Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is laser vision correction?
  2. What is an excimer laser?
  3. Is Laser Vision Correction the same as Radial Keratotomy (RK)?
  4. What can I expect from the Laser Vision Correction procedure?
  5. How do I know if I'm a good candidate for laser vision correction?
  6. If I have astigmatism, am I still a good candidate?
  7. What are the side effects of LASIK?
  8. How can I be sure it is safe?
  9. Will the result of my LASIK procedure be permanent?
  10. Will the procedure hurt? Will I be in pain afterwards?
  11. Can I afford the treatment?

What is laser vision correction?

A laser is an instrument that can produce and control a powerful beam of light. Laser light can be directed and controlled more precisely than normal light, and it can be delivered in extremely brief, intense pulses. The excimer laser produces a beam of ultraviolet light in pulses that last only a few billionths of a second. Each pulse removes a microscopic amount of tissue by evaporating it, producing very little heat and leaves underlying tissue virtually unchanged.

What is an excimer laser?

A laser is an instrument that can produce and control a powerful beam of light. Laser light can be directed and controlled more precisely than normal light, and it can be delivered in extremely brief, intense pulses. The excimer laser produces a beam of ultraviolet light in pulses that last only a few billionths of a second. Each pulse removes a microscopic amount of tissue by evaporating it, producing very little heat and leaves underlying tissue virtually unchanged.

Is Laser Vision Correction the same as Radial Keratotomy (RK)?

No. While both treatments are designed to correct vision, RK and laser vision correction are not the same. The revolution in eye care, changing the shape of the cornea itself, began with radial keratotomy (RK). Although successful with some types of nearsightedness, RK is an invasive surgical procedure involving use of scalpels to make a series of corneal incisions, cutting into as much as 95% of the cornea. Laser vision correction uses a state-of-the-art, computerized excimer laser to reshape the cornea. During the last decade, physicians worldwide have turned increasingly to laser vision correction and have performed the treatment over one million times.

What can I expect from the Laser Vision Correction procedure?

Prior to treatment, the physician administers anesthetic eye drops to the patient to numb the eye. After the eye drops have had a chance to take effect, the patient is led to a treatment room and positioned in a comfortable chair underneath the laser system. Once the patient is centered he/she is asked to focus on a small, bright light visible from the bottom of the microscope. This allows the eye to be suitably aligned, and the actual treatment can then begin. The actual time the laser is treating the eye is only seconds. The results of the patient's pre-op eye exam will determine the treatment parameters that are entered into the laser's computer. For astigmatic patients, the doctor uses advanced technology pioneered by Nidek Technology. The technician inserts an emphasis® disc between the laser beam and the patient's eye before the procedure begins. The emphasis® disc is a small, thin optic disc designed to produce an extremely smooth surface, it's purpose is to promote rapid healing and a more stable surgical effect. The patient remains awake and pain-free during the treatment. After the treatment, ointment and/or drops are placed in the eye to facilitate the healing process. During the 24-48 hours after treatment, most patients will experience a sensation in the eye and/or some discomfort. Typically, the patient will notice improved vision in 3-5 days or sooner following the treatment. Treatment follow-up generally involves several visits to the doctor. Vision may fluctuate, some days clearer than others. This usually stabilizes within three weeks to three months.

How do I know if I'm a good candidate for laser vision correction?

Dr. Caruso and you should decide. However, you should be aware that large majorities of nearsighted, farsighted, or astigmatic people are potential candidates for the laser treatment. Typically, patients who meet this criteria are suitable. The best candidates tend to be people who are dissatisfied with their contact lenses or glasses and are motivated to make a change, whether it's due to occupational or lifestyle reasons. There are certain medical conditions such as glaucoma, pregnancy, keratoconus, etc. that may exclude a potential patient. Dr. Caruso can advise you after an examination.

If I have astigmatism, am I still a good candidate?

Yes, we are able to correct the astigmatism through reshaping of the cornea with the laser.

What are the side effects of LASIK?

The most common side effects of LASIK are "halos" or "starburst" around lights and glare during night driving and usually subside after few weeks. However, not all patients experience these problems.

How can I be sure it is safe?

Clinical trials of laser vision correction of nearsightedness have been ongoing for many years. The excimer laser has been proven to be safe and effective for the treatment of the great majority of prescriptions. In the U.S. Clinical trials' follow-up, no sight-threatening complications have occurred.

Will the result of my LASIK procedure be permanent?

US clinical trial results reflect Laser Intrastromal Keratomileusis(LASIK) is permanent, although one must keep in mind that LASIK does not stop the aging process and you may still require reading glasses as you age.

Will the procedure hurt? Will I be in pain afterwards?

The eye is numbed so you will feel nothing during the procedure itself. Some patients state they feel pressure but no pain. Typically, after the procedure patients have a scratchy, gritty type of feeling that is relieved by drops and usually goes away in a day or so.

Can I afford the treatment?

Eyeglasses usually have to be replaced once a year and contact lenses, depending on what type used, can be extremely costly, especially when adding in the cost of solutions and other accessories. Call for our competitive pricing.


LOCATIONS
Atlantic Eye Center
207 Stone Harbor Blvd.
Cape May Court House
NJ 08210
tel. 609.465.1616
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EyeMax Lasik Center
200 New Road
Linwood
NJ 08221
tel. 609.653.2201
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Cape Cataract Center
804 Route 9 South
Cape May Court House
NJ 08210
tel. 609.463.1525
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